Deepest bird [Non-flying]
Last updated: October 2, 2017 at 1:25 am
565 m (1,854 ft) – Emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri), Ross Sea (Antarctica). Swimming speed is 6 to 9 km/h (3.7 to 5.6 mph). Scientists study penguin’s physiology to learn how they can dive to depths of 500 m (1500 ft). Penguins spend much of their life in the ocean hunting for krill, fish and squid. Unlike humans, penguins don’t suffer from many problems associated with diving, such as decompression sickness (the bends), shallow water black-out, and free-radical damage to tissues. Researcher’s work understanding penguins may someday be applicable to anesthesiology and other medical applications (National Science Foundation).
National Science Foundation
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Jeffrey Gallant is the Editor-in-Chief and Records Keeper of the Diving Almanac. He is also a contributing editor of DIVER Magazine, and the scientific director of the Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Education and Research Group (GEERG). Jeffrey started diving in 1982.