Largest amphibian and salamander [Canada]
Last updated: October 5, 2017 at 3:42 am
The mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus) is the largest amphibian and salamander found in Canada. It reaches a length of 30 cm (12 in.) although it has been reported up to 48.6 cm (19 in.). The mudpuppy spends its entire life underwater and breathes through external gills. It lives in creeks, rivers and lakes where it mostly feeds on insects, crayfish and fish. It is most often observed by divers during night dives in southern Québec, Ontario and Manitoba.
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Jeffrey Gallant is the Editor-in-Chief and Records Keeper of the Diving Almanac. He is also a contributing editor of DIVER Magazine, and the scientific director of the Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Education and Research Group (GEERG). Jeffrey started diving in 1982.