Deepest hydrothermal vent
Last updated: October 15, 2017 at 1:12 am
5,000 m (16,404 ft) | Beebe Hydrothermal Vent Field – The world’s deepest known active hydrothermal vent (a.k.a. black smoker) was discovered in the Cayman Trough (Caribbean Sea) on April 6, 2010. Using a deep-diving vehicle remotely controlled from the Royal Research Ship James Cook, the scientists from the National Oceanography Centre and the University of Southampton found slender spires made of copper and iron ores on the sea floor, erupting water hot enough to melt lead, nearly half a mile deeper than anyone has seen before.
Connelly, Douglas P.; Copley, Jonathan T.; Murton, Bramley J.; Stansfield, Kate; Tyler, Paul A.; German, Christopher R.; Van Dover, Cindy L.; Amon, Diva; Furlong, Maaten; Grindlay, Nancy; Hayman, Nicholas; Hühnerbach, Veit; Judge, Maria; Le Bas, Tim; McPhail, Stephen; Meier, Alexandra; Nakamura, Ko-ichi; Nye, Verity; Pebody, Miles; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Plouviez, Sophie; Sands, Carla; Searle, Roger C.; Stevenson, Peter; Taws, Sarah; Wilcox, Sally (10 January 2012). “Hydrothermal vent fields and chemosynthetic biota on the world’s deepest seafloor spreading centre”. Nature Communications. 3 (1): 1–9. PMC. PMID 22233630. doi:10.1038/ncomms1636
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Jeffrey Gallant is the Editor-in-Chief and Records Keeper of the Diving Almanac. He is also a contributing editor of DIVER Magazine, and the scientific director of the Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Education and Research Group (GEERG). Jeffrey started diving in 1982.