Largest fish (Carnivorous)
Last updated: January 27, 2020 at 16:49 pm
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) — Up to 7 m (23 ft), 2,300 kg (5,070 lbs). Average 4.3 m (14 ft), 520 -770 kg (1,150 – 1,700 lbs). The white shark inhabits subtropical and temperate waters around the world between 12 and 24 °C (54-75 °F). It has up to 3,000 teeth. Its colouration enables it to attack its prey without being seen. Numerous claims around the world have been made about the largest white shark (a.k.a. great white) ever captured. All have been contested due to lack of evidence such as photos or proper measuring. Some sizes were also estimated based on recovered body parts. A 7 m (23 ft) specimen was reported captured off Malta (Mediterranean Sea) in 1987 but the measurement was later discredited. The length of a shark taken off Kangaroo Island (South Australia) in 1987 was estimated to be at least 7 m (23 ft) based on the size of its head and fins; all that was brought into port by the fisherman. A long-standing record holder was a 6.4 m (21 ft) white shark captured off Cuba in 1945. However, careful analysis of its photo would appear to reduce that estimate by at least 0.9 m (3 ft). A 7 m (23 ft) white shark was reported caught in a net in Seven Star Lake, Hualien County, Taiwan, on May 14, 1997. Its weight was estimated at 2,500 kg (5,512 lbs).
One of the largest specimens measured with any reliability was a 5.26 m (17.3 ft) white shark captured off Prince Edward Island (Canada) in August 1983. Such large specimens are reported to be relatively common off the Farallon Islands (California).
Castro, J. I. (2011). The Sharks of North America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
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Jeffrey Gallant is the Editor-in-Chief and Records Keeper of the Diving Almanac. He is also a contributing editor of DIVER Magazine, and the scientific director of the Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Education and Research Group (GEERG). Jeffrey started diving in 1982.