Most poisonous fish
Last updated: January 20, 2018 at 4:10 am
The stonefish (Synanceia verrucosa), a.k.a. the reef stonefish, oclap, or dornorn, is a shallow benthic fish with venomous spines that lies in wait camouflaged as a rock. It feeds on small fish and crustaceans. The stonefish ranges in size from 30-45 cm (12-18 in.). Its dorsal area is lined with 13 spines that release a venomous toxin. The venom can cause severe pain, shock, paralysis, and tissue death which can be fatal to humans. Synanceia verrucosa is found in coastal areas of the Pacific and Indian oceans from the Red Sea to the Great Barrier Reef. It may also inhabit the Mediterranean Sea since a single specimen was captured near Yavne, Israel, in 2010.
Capuli, E.E.; Ortañez, A.K. Synanceia verrucosa, stonefish. Fishbase.
Edelist, D.; Spanier, E.; Golani, D. 2011. Evidence for the occurrence of the Indo-Pacific stonefish, Synanceia verrucosa (Actinopterygii: Scorpaeniformes: Synanceiidae), in the Mediterranean Sea. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria. 41 (2): 129–131.
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Jeffrey Gallant is the Editor-in-Chief and Records Keeper of the Diving Almanac. He is also a contributing editor of DIVER Magazine, and the scientific director of the Greenland Shark and Elasmobranch Education and Research Group (GEERG). Jeffrey started diving in 1982.